An aircraft simulator is a platform for pilot training, construction, or other uses that recreate an aircraft’s flight and the atmosphere in which it is operating. The simulation aims to provide valuable models in building a natural process by simulating the model and training methods challenging to perform in real situations. This includes replicating aircraft flight calculations, response to aircraft control applications, and how other aircraft structures interact and how they respond to external influences such as air mass, noise, wind column, fog, snow, and more. Flight simulation is used for several purposes, including aircraft (mainly pilots), aircraft design and production, and aircraft character analysis. According to eCFR
Traditional flight simulators usually consist of an actual cockpit installed on a hexagonal platform to give it stability and freedom of movement in the six directions. Inside this cockpit, video screens are installed so that pilots can see the runway or the landscape around them.
Flight simulators are distinguished by the fact that they put the trained pilots in conditions that are similar to accurate flight, starting from trying to conserve fuel until the end of the flight, dealing with aircraft parts and engines with different lifetimes, ending with the possibility of recurring the most challenging weather conditions, as well as the failure of command systems, all without Exposing any real travellers to danger.
The International Civil Aviation Organization developed the basic concepts in human factors that determined a specific type of base professionally significant personal characteristics and maximum permissible cabin crew and were the basis for preventing accidents. An essential complement to ICAO documents for organizing specific content of training programs for aviation professionals. The introduction to the eighth edition of these documents was a new section, “Flight Training,” which standard requirements for first-time knowledge of differentiated professionals from particular disciplines. These specializations include the criteria for understanding the human operator’s capabilities and limits during flight operations, with the exact status of knowledge requirements in any other section of the traditional training courses. Thus, the need to develop appropriate training programs and introduce new concepts into the training system. Training on these concepts was done through a simulator.
Benefits of simulation: Avoid risks in solving problems. Save time and money. Provides flexibility in making changes to experiments and their repetitions.