Any individual, corporation, or other organization legally established outside the United States, regardless of the actual center of economic activity of the entity. A corporation incorporated outside the United States is a foreign resident even if it has no physical presence outside the United States.
Foreigners/Foreign Residents include:
- Foreign governments and any subdivision, agency or instrumentality thereof, including all foreign official nonbanking institutions, even if located in the United States (e.g., an embassy, consulate, or other diplomatic establishment of a foreign country). (However, all U.S. subsidiaries of foreign corporations are U.S. residents.)
- Entities that have filed an IRS FormW-8, indicating that the individual or entity is a nonresident alien or foreign entity not subject to certain United States information return reporting or to backup withholding rules.
- Any corporation or other organization located outside the United States, including the branches, subsidiaries, and other affiliates of U.S. entities located abroad.
- Individuals, including citizens of the United States, residing outside the United States.
EXCEPTION: Official international or regional organizations or subordinate or affiliated agencies
thereof, created by treaty or convention between sovereign states, even if located in the United States, including the International Bank for Reconstruction and Development (IBRD orWorld Bank), the International Monetary Fund (IMF), and the United Nations (UN), are also considered foreign residents. (For a list of international and regional organizations, please see the corresponding appendix in instructions for each report form.)